Personal mitigation is mainly about knowing and avoiding unnecessary
risks. This includes an assessment of possible risks to personal/family
health and to personal property.
In a flood plain, in areas of
subsidence or landslides, home owners may not be aware of a property
being exposed to a hazard until it strikes. However, specialists can be
hired to conduct risk identification and assessment surveys. Purchase of
insurance covering the most prominent identified risks is a common
Personal structural mitigation in earthquake prone areas includes installation of an Earthquake Valve to instantly shut off the natural gas supply to a property, seismic retrofits of property and the securing of items inside a building to enhance household seismic safety. The latter may include the mounting of furniture, refrigerators, water heaters and breakables to the walls, and the addition of cabinet latches.
In flood prone areas houses can be built on poles/stilts, as in much of southern Asia. In areas prone to prolonged electricity black-outs installation of a generator would be an example of an optimal structural mitigation measure. The construction of storm cellars and fallout shelters are further examples of personal mitigative actions.
Structural & Non-Structural Mitigation
Mitigation involves structural and non-structural measures
taken to limit the impact of disasters. Structural mitigation are
actions that change the characteristics of a building or its
surrounding, examples include shelters, window shutters, clearing forest
around the house. Non-structural mitigation on personal level mainly
takes the form of insurance or simply moving house to a safer area.